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Arkansas Black Apple on MM.111 (Spring 2023)


A very beautiful heirloom apple that stores well. Also known as Arkansas Blacktwig.

Arkansas Black is broadly disease resistant with its one susceptibility being scab. It is highly resistant to cedar-apple rust and fireblight, and it will tolerate low desert heat. This is not a very productive tree. This tree is triploid and cannot be used as a pollenizer; two other diploid varieties should be present for full pollination.

The fruit is a deep, dark purplish red that turns almost black at maturity. In Apples of Uncommon Character, Jacobsen writes: "In the hand, it feels like somebody carved an apple from a piece of oak and painted it blackish burgundy. It's that hard." These apples hang like crazy and will keep all winter. They will not reach full ripeness until they have been in storage for about three months, when the flesh will turn from greenish white to a creamy yellow color and the flavor will develop from tart to a bright, aromatic sweetness. It's an apple that's worth the wait. The distinctive aromatic flavor has also made it a favorite for cider blending.

The original tree is thought to have been a seedling of Winesap that grew in the orchard of Mr. Brattwait in Bentonville, Arkansas in the 1870s.

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Arkansas Black is broadly disease resistant with its one susceptibility being scab. It is highly resistant to cedar-apple rust and fireblight, and it will tolerate low desert heat. This is not a very productive tree. This tree is triploid and cannot be used as a pollenizer; two other diploid varieties should be present for full pollination.

The fruit is a deep, dark purplish red that turns almost black at maturity. In Apples of Uncommon Character, Jacobsen writes: "In the hand, it feels like somebody carved an apple from a piece of oak and painted it blackish burgundy. It's that hard." These apples hang like crazy and will keep all winter. They will not reach full ripeness until they have been in storage for about three months, when the flesh will turn from greenish white to a creamy yellow color and the flavor will develop from tart to a bright, aromatic sweetness. It's an apple that's worth the wait. The distinctive aromatic flavor has also made it a favorite for cider blending.

The original tree is thought to have been a seedling of Winesap that grew in the orchard of Mr. Brattwait in Bentonville, Arkansas in the 1870s.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Disease-Resistant, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking, storage, jelly, sauce
Cider classification: sweet
Storage duration: three plus months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: purple
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: Winesap seedling
Origin: Bentonville, Arkansas
Introduced in: 1870s
Introduced by: Mr. Brattwait

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 8
Chill hours: 600
Ripening date: Nov 03 (approximate, in New York State) + 49 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: MM.111 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? Y

Diseases & Pests

Cedar-Apple Rust: Very Resistant
Fireblight: Very Resistant
Apple Scab: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? N
Ploidy: Triploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Arkansas Black Apple on MM.111. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
CrimsonCrisp™ Apple on B.118 2023 167
Enterprise Apple on B.118 2023 108
Galarina™ X-4982 CV. Apple on B.118 2023 102
Pixie Crunch® Apple on B.118 2023 94
Honeycrisp Apple on B.118 2023 87
GoldRush Apple on B.118 2023 61
Sundance™ Apple on B.118 2023 51
Winecrisp™ Apple on B.118 2023 47
Jim Double Pink Apple on B.118 2023 16
Centennial Crab Apple on B.118 2023 13
Jonathan Apple on MM.111 2023 11

See all pollination matches for Arkansas Black Apple on MM.111






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