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Graniwinkle Apple on G.41 (Spring 2025)


An apple traditionally used in Newark cider. Also known as Granniwinkle.

Graniwinkle is a vigorous, upright, and very productive tree. The tree is only slightly susceptible to scab and reliably annual. The fruit is splashed and striped red over a yellow background, with a yellowish flesh that is very sweet. It does not store well.

Although it is pleasant enough to eat, this apple has traditionally been used exclusively for cider blending. It yields a clean, crisp cider with notes of melon and berry. In 1817, William Coxe described Graniwinkle: "The flesh is dead sweet, very rich, of a yellow colour. The cider produced from this apple, resembles a sirup in its taste and consistence–it originated in one of the Eastern counties of New Jersey, and obtained its name from a farmer who first cultivated it: it is usually mixed with the Harrison for making cider of a superior quality." While some writers claim that Harrison, Campfield, Graniwinkle, and Poveshon were the four apples essential to Newark cider production before prohibition, Bussey in the Illustrated History of Apples in the United States and Canada speculates that Graniwinkle and Poveshon were the same apple. This would seem to be supported by the 1803 report in the Domestic Encyclopedia that "the first graft was taken from a tree belonging to an old lady, Mrs. Van Winkle Poveshon." (From WSU: Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.08; Acid (percent malic acid): 0.30; pH: 3.90; SG: 1.045; oBrix 11.0.)

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Graniwinkle is a vigorous, upright, and very productive tree. The tree is only slightly susceptible to scab and reliably annual. The fruit is splashed and striped red over a yellow background, with a yellowish flesh that is very sweet. It does not store well.

Although it is pleasant enough to eat, this apple has traditionally been used exclusively for cider blending. It yields a clean, crisp cider with notes of melon and berry. In 1817, William Coxe described Graniwinkle: "The flesh is dead sweet, very rich, of a yellow colour. The cider produced from this apple, resembles a sirup in its taste and consistence–it originated in one of the Eastern counties of New Jersey, and obtained its name from a farmer who first cultivated it: it is usually mixed with the Harrison for making cider of a superior quality." While some writers claim that Harrison, Campfield, Graniwinkle, and Poveshon were the four apples essential to Newark cider production before prohibition, Bussey in the Illustrated History of Apples in the United States and Canada speculates that Graniwinkle and Poveshon were the same apple. This would seem to be supported by the 1803 report in the Domestic Encyclopedia that "the first graft was taken from a tree belonging to an old lady, Mrs. Van Winkle Poveshon." (From WSU: Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.08; Acid (percent malic acid): 0.30; pH: 3.90; SG: 1.045; oBrix 11.0.)


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Cider

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider
Cider classification: sweet
Storage duration: less than one month (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: New Jersey
Introduced in: 1700s
Introduced by:

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 7
Chill hours: Not yet determined
Ripening date: Sep 01 (approximate, in New York State) 14 days before McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: G.41 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Dwarf (30% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 8'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Apple Scab: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Dwarf (30% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Graniwinkle Apple on G.41. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

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See all pollination matches for Graniwinkle Apple on G.41






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