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King Of Tompkins County Apple on B.118 (Spring 2022)


A large, old-fashioned, all-purpose apple. Also known as King, Tompkins King, Toma Red.

"King" is a handsome tree; it is vigorous, open and spreading, and productive. It is a triploid, so two diploid pollenizers are necessary for full fertility. While this tree is noted for susceptibility to several major diseases (collar rot, fireblight, canker, cedar-apple rust), it is not typically considered difficult to cultivate. Because the fruit is so large, King is best planted in a sheltered spot so as to avoid premature windfall. Thinning will promote annual bearing.

This heirloom apple is very large and roundish in shape. A pretty red blush suffuses the yellow background of the skin, and the flesh is yellowish, coarse, crisp, and juicy. King has a rich, aromatic flavor that continues to attract a small but loyal following. An all-purpose apple, it is a dessert apple of the finest quality that is also excellent for baking, cider, jelly, and sauce. It stores well for about two months.

King of Tompkins County probably originated near Washington, NJ and was brought to Tompkins County in 1804 by Jacob Wycoff, who named the apple simply "King." In Apples of New York, Beach provides the following quote from Mr. Mattison of Jacksonville, NY: "The limbs grow so very horizontal that the tree needs scarcely any pruning and one of its good qualities is, it is a regular bearer every year, and a fine, thrifty grower. . . . The apple is one of those crimson red with yellow ground that attracts the eye, and its color will not disappoint you when you come to eat it. Its very agreeable perfumed flavor is equal to the Swaar." In 1860, the Congress of Fruit Growers at Rochester, NY added "Tompkins County" to its name so as to distinguish it from other "King" apples.

Fruit photographed at Black Diamond Farm, Trumansburg, NY.

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"King" is a handsome tree; it is vigorous, open and spreading, and productive. It is a triploid, so two diploid pollenizers are necessary for full fertility. While this tree is noted for susceptibility to several major diseases (collar rot, fireblight, canker, cedar-apple rust), it is not typically considered difficult to cultivate. Because the fruit is so large, King is best planted in a sheltered spot so as to avoid premature windfall. Thinning will promote annual bearing.

This heirloom apple is very large and roundish in shape. A pretty red blush suffuses the yellow background of the skin, and the flesh is yellowish, coarse, crisp, and juicy. King has a rich, aromatic flavor that continues to attract a small but loyal following. An all-purpose apple, it is a dessert apple of the finest quality that is also excellent for baking, cider, jelly, and sauce. It stores well for about two months.

King of Tompkins County probably originated near Washington, NJ and was brought to Tompkins County in 1804 by Jacob Wycoff, who named the apple simply "King." In Apples of New York, Beach provides the following quote from Mr. Mattison of Jacksonville, NY: "The limbs grow so very horizontal that the tree needs scarcely any pruning and one of its good qualities is, it is a regular bearer every year, and a fine, thrifty grower. . . . The apple is one of those crimson red with yellow ground that attracts the eye, and its color will not disappoint you when you come to eat it. Its very agreeable perfumed flavor is equal to the Swaar." In 1860, the Congress of Fruit Growers at Rochester, NY added "Tompkins County" to its name so as to distinguish it from other "King" apples.

Fruit photographed at Black Diamond Farm, Trumansburg, NY.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Cold-Hardy, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking, jelly, sauce
Storage duration: one to three months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: orange
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: New Jersey
Introduced in: 1804
Introduced by: Jacob Wycoff

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 4 - 8
Chill hours: 1000
Ripening date: Oct 06 (approximate, in New York State) + 21 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: B.118 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (90% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Fireblight: Susceptible
Perennial Canker: Susceptible
Phytophthora (Collar Rot, Crown Rot, Root Rot): Susceptible
Apple Scab: Resistant
Cedar-Apple Rust: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? N
Ploidy: Triploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (90% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of King Of Tompkins County Apple on B.118. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
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Major Apple on B.118 2022 5
Stoke Red Apple on B.118 2022 2
Harrison Apple on MM.111 2022 2
Marialena Apple on B.118 2022 1
Grimes Golden Apple on MM.111 2022 0
Kidd's Orange Red Apple on B.118 2022 0
GoldRush Apple on B.118 2022 0
Honeycrisp Apple on B.118 2022 0
Liberty Apple on B.118 2022 0

See all pollination matches for King Of Tompkins County Apple on B.118






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