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Wolf River Apple on MM.111 (Spring 2024)


A disease-resistant heirloom valued for baking and drying.

Wolf River is a old variety that has disease-resistance comparable to that of modern cultivars. It is resistant to scab, canker, and powdery mildew, but susceptible to fireblight. The tree is very vigorous, long-lived, and extremely cold hardy, with an upright-spreading habit that is also somewhat straggly. Slow to bear, it will be reliable and productive once it starts to crop.

The biggest apple I've ever picked was a Wolf River. It was alarmingly large, the size of a small melon, and it was placed on a table as a centerpiece for all to admire. No one dared cut into the monster, which is just as well, since these apples are really best baked rather than eaten fresh. Wolf River has an unremarkable subacid flavor and dry flesh, but it is this dryness has made it a favorite for pies, sauce, baking whole, and drying, especially in the Midwest. It should be picked slightly underripe, as the fruit tends to rot if left on the tree. It will not store well for any appreciable length of time.

This apple was brought to Wisconsin's Wolf River from Quebec in 1856 by a man called William Springer. It is likely that Wolf River is a seedling of Alexander, an extremely cold-hardy tree from Russia.

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Wolf River is a old variety that has disease-resistance comparable to that of modern cultivars. It is resistant to scab, canker, and powdery mildew, but susceptible to fireblight. The tree is very vigorous, long-lived, and extremely cold hardy, with an upright-spreading habit that is also somewhat straggly. Slow to bear, it will be reliable and productive once it starts to crop.

The biggest apple I've ever picked was a Wolf River. It was alarmingly large, the size of a small melon, and it was placed on a table as a centerpiece for all to admire. No one dared cut into the monster, which is just as well, since these apples are really best baked rather than eaten fresh. Wolf River has an unremarkable subacid flavor and dry flesh, but it is this dryness has made it a favorite for pies, sauce, baking whole, and drying, especially in the Midwest. It should be picked slightly underripe, as the fruit tends to rot if left on the tree. It will not store well for any appreciable length of time.

This apple was brought to Wisconsin's Wolf River from Quebec in 1856 by a man called William Springer. It is likely that Wolf River is a seedling of Alexander, an extremely cold-hardy tree from Russia.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Disease-Resistant, Cold-Hardy, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: baking, sauce
Storage duration: less than one month (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: white

Fruit Origins

Parentage: possible seedling of Alexander
Origin: Wisconsin
Introduced in: 1856
Introduced by: William Springer

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 3 - 8
Chill hours: 1000
Ripening date: Oct 06 (approximate, in New York State) + 21 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: MM.111 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Fireblight: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Very Resistant
Apple Scab: Very Resistant
Perennial Canker: Resistant

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 4
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Wolf River Apple on MM.111. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Somerset Redstreak Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Ellis Bitter Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Akane Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Golden Hornet Apple on MM.111 2024 0
GoldRush Apple on B.118 2024 0
Idared Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Kingston Black Apple on B.118 2024 0
Enterprise Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Enterprise Apple on B.118 2024 0
Liberty Apple on B.118 2024 0
Williams' Pride Apple on B.118 2024 0

See all pollination matches for Wolf River Apple on MM.111