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Ellis Bitter Apple on MM.111 (Spring 2024)


A traditional bittersweet cider apple from England.

A precocious and vigorous tree, this early bearer is also a reliable cropper. It is resistant to mildew but susceptible to fireblight and scab. Thinning will help prevent biennialism. Ellis Bitter is a cider apple; it is not typically used for for fresh eating.

Ellis Bitter is a somewhat flat apple that is streaked orange-red over a yellow background. The fruit has a short storage life, and it should be pressed within a few weeks of harvest. It yields a full-bodied, astringent cider that is high in alcohol. From Eve's Cidery: "Ripening in early September, Ellis Bitter is our main early season bittersweet. Heavenly sweet, ripe aromas backed by solid tannins. The tree is biennial in our organic production system, but when it crops it crops heavily with medium-sized fruit that drops in stages. We make multiple pickings of this variety for the best quality juice."

This variety might have arisen in the mid 19th century on the farm of a Mr. Ellis in Devon, England. It was quickly adopted and cultivated by commercial growers, including the famous H. P. Bulmer Company.

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A precocious and vigorous tree, this early bearer is also a reliable cropper. It is resistant to mildew but susceptible to fireblight and scab. Thinning will help prevent biennialism. Ellis Bitter is a cider apple; it is not typically used for for fresh eating.

Ellis Bitter is a somewhat flat apple that is streaked orange-red over a yellow background. The fruit has a short storage life, and it should be pressed within a few weeks of harvest. It yields a full-bodied, astringent cider that is high in alcohol. From Eve's Cidery: "Ripening in early September, Ellis Bitter is our main early season bittersweet. Heavenly sweet, ripe aromas backed by solid tannins. The tree is biennial in our organic production system, but when it crops it crops heavily with medium-sized fruit that drops in stages. We make multiple pickings of this variety for the best quality juice."

This variety might have arisen in the mid 19th century on the farm of a Mr. Ellis in Devon, England. It was quickly adopted and cultivated by commercial growers, including the famous H. P. Bulmer Company.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Cider, Cold-Hardy

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: cider
Cider classification: bittersweet
Storage duration: less than one month (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: off-white

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: Devon, England
Introduced in: 1800s
Introduced by:

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 4 - 6
Chill hours: Not yet determined
Ripening date: Sep 01 (approximate, in New York State) 14 days before McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: MM.111 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Apple Scab: Susceptible
Fireblight: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Resistant

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 4
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Ellis Bitter Apple on MM.111. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
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Kingston Black Apple on B.118 2024 0
Enterprise Apple on MM.111 2024 0
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Liberty Apple on B.118 2024 0
Williams' Pride Apple on B.118 2024 0
Wolf River Apple on MM.111 2024 0

See all pollination matches for Ellis Bitter Apple on MM.111