Skip to main content

Winesap, Virginia Apple on MM.111 (Spring 2025)

You are viewing a tree that will ship in Spring 2025. You can also find trees for Spring 2024.

A reliable, late-season American heirloom with good disease resistance. Also known as Virginia Winesap, Wine Sop, Holland's Red Winter, Royal Red.

Winesap is one of America's most beloved heirlooms apples, particularly in the southern states, where the variety performs well in spite of hot, dry summers and clay soils. The tree is moderately vigorous, slightly droopy, and crops reliably, though thinning will improve fruit size. It is highly resistant to cedar-apple rust, moderately resistant to powdery mildew and fireblight, but susceptible to scab. Although Winesap has an unusual and attractive pink bloom, it is triploid and cannot be used as a pollenizer; two diploid trees should be present for full fertility.

The apple is smallish, particularly if crops are not well thinned. The skin is a deep, dark purple-red over yellow with russeting around the stem. The flesh is yellowish, crisp, and juicy and firm enough to be a good baking apple. The spicy and vinous flavor also lends itself to cider making, and Albemarle Ciderworks make a single-variety cider from Virginia Winesap, which contains notes of "baked apple, cedar, and strawberry." These apples will store well for more than three months.

This was once one of the most widely propagated varieties in America. Although the ultimate origin of Winesap is unknown, Virginia Winesap is a redder sport of Winesap that grew in Troutville, Virginia in 1922. Stayman, Blacktwig, and Arkansas Black are all seedlings of Winesap.

Order Your Trees

Select a shipping year

Select a grade

$39.75

Sold Out
Quantity
Best Pricing

Log in to your account to access the best pricing based on your past purchases; also see wholesale information

Tree Grading

Grade is a measure of tree size at time of sale, with Grade 0 being the biggest; see pricing & grading

Custom Trees

For large orders to be delivered in future years, or for trees from your cuttings, you can order custom trees

Need Help?

Contact us


Winesap is one of America's most beloved heirlooms apples, particularly in the southern states, where the variety performs well in spite of hot, dry summers and clay soils. The tree is moderately vigorous, slightly droopy, and crops reliably, though thinning will improve fruit size. It is highly resistant to cedar-apple rust, moderately resistant to powdery mildew and fireblight, but susceptible to scab. Although Winesap has an unusual and attractive pink bloom, it is triploid and cannot be used as a pollenizer; two diploid trees should be present for full fertility.

The apple is smallish, particularly if crops are not well thinned. The skin is a deep, dark purple-red over yellow with russeting around the stem. The flesh is yellowish, crisp, and juicy and firm enough to be a good baking apple. The spicy and vinous flavor also lends itself to cider making, and Albemarle Ciderworks make a single-variety cider from Virginia Winesap, which contains notes of "baked apple, cedar, and strawberry." These apples will store well for more than three months.

This was once one of the most widely propagated varieties in America. Although the ultimate origin of Winesap is unknown, Virginia Winesap is a redder sport of Winesap that grew in Troutville, Virginia in 1922. Stayman, Blacktwig, and Arkansas Black are all seedlings of Winesap.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Cider, Disease-Resistant, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking, storage, sauce
Cider classification: sweet,sharp
Storage duration: three plus months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: America
Introduced in: 1700s
Introduced by:

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 8
Chill hours: Not yet determined
Ripening date: Nov 03 (approximate, in New York State) + 49 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: MM.111 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Fireblight: Resistant
Powdery Mildew: Resistant
Apple Scab: Susceptible
Cedar-Apple Rust: Very Resistant

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? N
Ploidy: Triploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Winesap, Virginia Apple on MM.111. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Somerset Redstreak Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Ellis Bitter Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Akane Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Golden Hornet Apple on MM.111 2024 0
GoldRush Apple on B.118 2024 0
Idared Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Kingston Black Apple on B.118 2024 0
Enterprise Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Triumph® Apple on MM.111 2024 0
Enterprise Apple on B.118 2024 0
Liberty Apple on B.118 2024 0

See all pollination matches for Winesap, Virginia Apple on MM.111