Skip to main content

White Winter Pearmain Apple Scionwood (Spring 2023)


An highly flavored heirloom apple suitable for mild-winter climates. Also known as White Pearmain, White Pearmain of Indiana.

This tree is vigorous, precocious, and productive, and it has an upright-spreading habit. It will need thinning to maintain annual bearing. Its most interesting feature from a horticultural perspective is the low chill requirement of 400 hours. This means that White Winter Pearmain can be successfully cultivated in warm-winter climates such as southern California.

The apple varies in size, from smallish to large, and its shape is somewhat irregular, usually conic. The smooth waxen skin is a translucent yellow, almost ghostly, with a small crown of russet around the stem. The creamy flesh is firm and finely textured with an aromatic flavor that is honeyed and tropical. An early North Carolina nurseryman said that White Winter Pearmain was regarded by leading pomologists in his state as "the highest flavored apple in cultivation." The fruit will store well for up to four months.

The origins of this variety are quite obscure. In the mid 1800s, a collection of scion wood was transported to Indiana by saddlebag. Two of these sticks had lost their labels (the nursery nightmare!), and both eventually produced apples that the grower, a Mr. Todd, named Red Pearmain and White Pearmain. The "Red Pearmain" was later identified as Esopus Spitzenburg, but the White Pearmain has never been identified. By the late 1800s it had become a favorite apple in the southern and midwestern states.

Even the name of this apple is a bit mysterious. The title "pearmain" has, like "pippin" been applied to many varieties over time, and nobody today knows exactly what the word originally meant. A very likely etymology, however, is that it derives from Old French parmaindre "to endure" with reference to an apple's storage potential.

Volume Pricing

Premiums are included in the following prices if applicable. These prices are for regular scion. Add $1 for clean scion.

Quantity White Winter Pearmain Apple Scion
1 $12.00
2-5 $7.00
6-10 $6.00
11-99 $5.00
100+ $4.00

Order Your Scions

Select clean or regular:

$12.00 ea.

This is the full retail price for orders of 1 scion. You can get these scion for as low as $4.00 each – see Volume Pricing above. More about Pricing & Grading.

19 in stock
Quantity
Best Pricing

Log in to your account to access the best pricing based on your past purchases; also see wholesale information

Clean vs. Regular

Our clean scion is harvested from trees grown on G.16, which is extremely sensitive to viruses. These trees would not have survived if the scion contained viruses. Our clean wood has not been lab tested. Regular = may contain one of the common latent viruses; this is not usually a problem and can be used with most rootstocks.

Need Help?

Contact us


This tree is vigorous, precocious, and productive, and it has an upright-spreading habit. It will need thinning to maintain annual bearing. Its most interesting feature from a horticultural perspective is the low chill requirement of 400 hours. This means that White Winter Pearmain can be successfully cultivated in warm-winter climates such as southern California.

The apple varies in size, from smallish to large, and its shape is somewhat irregular, usually conic. The smooth waxen skin is a translucent yellow, almost ghostly, with a small crown of russet around the stem. The creamy flesh is firm and finely textured with an aromatic flavor that is honeyed and tropical. An early North Carolina nurseryman said that White Winter Pearmain was regarded by leading pomologists in his state as "the highest flavored apple in cultivation." The fruit will store well for up to four months.

The origins of this variety are quite obscure. In the mid 1800s, a collection of scion wood was transported to Indiana by saddlebag. Two of these sticks had lost their labels (the nursery nightmare!), and both eventually produced apples that the grower, a Mr. Todd, named Red Pearmain and White Pearmain. The "Red Pearmain" was later identified as Esopus Spitzenburg, but the White Pearmain has never been identified. By the late 1800s it had become a favorite apple in the southern and midwestern states.

Even the name of this apple is a bit mysterious. The title "pearmain" has, like "pippin" been applied to many varieties over time, and nobody today knows exactly what the word originally meant. A very likely etymology, however, is that it derives from Old French parmaindre "to endure" with reference to an apple's storage potential.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, storage
Storage duration: three plus months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: yellow
Flesh color: cream

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: Indiana
Introduced in: 1800s
Introduced by: Mr. Todd

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 8
Chill hours: 400
Ripening date: Sep 29 (approximate, in New York State) + 14 days after McIntosh

Diseases & Pests

White Winter Pearmain Apple does not have any diseases or pests associated with it at this time.

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of White Winter Pearmain Apple. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Honeycrisp Apple 2023 0
Golden Russet Apple 2023 0
Spartan Apple 2023 0
Spitzenburg Esopus Apple 2023 0
Macoun Apple 2023 0
Virginia Crab Apple 2023 0
St. Edmund's Russet Apple 2023 0
Rubinette Apple 2023 0
Pink Lady® Cripps Pink CV. Apple 2023 0
Porter's Perfection Apple 2023 0
Florina Apple 2023 0

See all pollination matches for White Winter Pearmain Apple






Featured Products

A few things we're loving right now...

Flemish Beauty Pear on OHxF 87

A hardy, self-fertile pear with exceptionally good flavor.

Winecrisp™ Apple on G.11

A beautiful purple, late-season, disease-resistant dessert apple.

Honeycrisp Apple on G.11

The rock-star, cold-hardy apple from Minnesota.

Santa Rosa Plum on Myrobalan

A reliable, self-fertile plum that performs very well on the West Coast.