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Cortland Apple on G.969 (Spring 2024)


A very cold-hardy dessert apple that doesn't brown when sliced.

Cortland has an upright-spreading habit, and it is somewhat susceptible to the major apple diseases: cedar-apple rust, fireblight, powdery mildew, and scab. It is also susceptible to blister spot, but this is a cosmetic issue that will be of concern only to commercial growers. An extremely cold-hardy tree, it is widely grown in New York, northern New England, and the Great Lakes area.

This medium-sized apple is covered with a dark red flush over a yellow background. The flesh is soft, fine-grained, and juicy, and the flavor is sweeter than McIntosh, which is its mother. Cortland's most notable feature is that its snow-white flesh doesn't brown after cutting; this makes it an excellent apple for slicing into salads, fruit plates, or lunchboxes. It is also a favorite baking and sauce apple.

Cortland is a cross of McIntosh and Ben Davis, first produced in Geneva, New York and released in 1915. It was bred by S. A. Beach, who is also author of the venerable Apples of New York.

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Cortland has an upright-spreading habit, and it is somewhat susceptible to the major apple diseases: cedar-apple rust, fireblight, powdery mildew, and scab. It is also susceptible to blister spot, but this is a cosmetic issue that will be of concern only to commercial growers. An extremely cold-hardy tree, it is widely grown in New York, northern New England, and the Great Lakes area.

This medium-sized apple is covered with a dark red flush over a yellow background. The flesh is soft, fine-grained, and juicy, and the flavor is sweeter than McIntosh, which is its mother. Cortland's most notable feature is that its snow-white flesh doesn't brown after cutting; this makes it an excellent apple for slicing into salads, fruit plates, or lunchboxes. It is also a favorite baking and sauce apple.

Cortland is a cross of McIntosh and Ben Davis, first produced in Geneva, New York and released in 1915. It was bred by S. A. Beach, who is also author of the venerable Apples of New York.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Cold-Hardy, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, baking, sauce
Storage duration: less than one month (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: white

Fruit Origins

Parentage: McIntosh x Ben Davis
Origin: Geneva, NY
Introduced in: 1915
Introduced by: S. A. Beach, NYSAES

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 4 - 8
Chill hours: 1000
Ripening date: Sep 29 (approximate, in New York State) + 14 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: G.969 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Dwarf (45% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 12'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Fireblight: Susceptible
Apple Scab: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Very Susceptible
Cedar-Apple Rust: Susceptible
Apple Blister Spot: Susceptible
Brown Rot, Blossom Blight, Fruit Rot: Resistant

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Dwarf (45% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Cortland Apple on G.969. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Harry Masters Jersey Apple on G.935 2024 87
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Redfield Apple on G.935 2024 52
Centennial Crab Apple on G.969 2024 34
Reine Des Hatives Apple on G.935 2024 32
Chisel Jersey Apple on G.969 2024 30
Stoke Red Apple on G.969 2024 30
Pomme Gris Apple on G.935 2024 28
Major Apple on G.935 2024 28
Kingston Black Apple on G.935 2024 21
Geneva Tremlett's Bitter Apple on G.969 2024 20

See all pollination matches for Cortland Apple on G.969






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