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Jonagold Apple on G.11 (Spring 2023)


A high-quality dessert apple, great for the back yard. Also known as NY 43013-1.

Jonagold is a handsome, sturdy, and vigorous tree that has an attractive, spreading habit. It is cold hardy, precocious, and a very heavy cropper. In fact, the main challenge with Jonagold is managing crop loads to avoid biennialism. Jonagold must be thinned early–soon after petal fall–and sufficiently. This tree is a triploid, and two diploid pollenizers will be needed for full fertility; Golden Delicious, one of its parents, should be avoided, as these two trees are incompatible. Jonagold is susceptible to fireblight, powdery mildew, canker, and scab, but resistant to cedar-apple rust and alternaria. It is also susceptible to blister spot, but this is a cosmetic issue that will be of concern only to commercial growers.

The mid-late season fruit is large, striped red over gold, with firm, breaking, sweet-tart flesh. Jonagold is a cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious, and as Jacobsen writes in Apples of Uncommon Character, it "takes Golden's honey-scented sweetness and spices it up with Jonathan's flowery tartness." It is of the finest quality for fresh eating, and it is also a great baking apple. This tree works well in the small home-orchard as it has a long harvest season that requires several pickings. The fruit will store for about two months in regular refrigeration. Eve's Cidery says that Jonagold is "hard to beat" for adding aromatics to dessert ciders.

Jonagold is one of the finest products of the Cornell breeding program in Geneva, New York. It was selected in 1943 and introduced in 1968, and it has become broadly popular in Europe. In 1993, Jonagold won the Award of Garden Merit from the UK's Royal Horticultural Society.

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Jonagold is a handsome, sturdy, and vigorous tree that has an attractive, spreading habit. It is cold hardy, precocious, and a very heavy cropper. In fact, the main challenge with Jonagold is managing crop loads to avoid biennialism. Jonagold must be thinned early–soon after petal fall–and sufficiently. This tree is a triploid, and two diploid pollenizers will be needed for full fertility; Golden Delicious, one of its parents, should be avoided, as these two trees are incompatible. Jonagold is susceptible to fireblight, powdery mildew, canker, and scab, but resistant to cedar-apple rust and alternaria. It is also susceptible to blister spot, but this is a cosmetic issue that will be of concern only to commercial growers.

The mid-late season fruit is large, striped red over gold, with firm, breaking, sweet-tart flesh. Jonagold is a cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious, and as Jacobsen writes in Apples of Uncommon Character, it "takes Golden's honey-scented sweetness and spices it up with Jonathan's flowery tartness." It is of the finest quality for fresh eating, and it is also a great baking apple. This tree works well in the small home-orchard as it has a long harvest season that requires several pickings. The fruit will store for about two months in regular refrigeration. Eve's Cidery says that Jonagold is "hard to beat" for adding aromatics to dessert ciders.

Jonagold is one of the finest products of the Cornell breeding program in Geneva, New York. It was selected in 1943 and introduced in 1968, and it has become broadly popular in Europe. In 1993, Jonagold won the Award of Garden Merit from the UK's Royal Horticultural Society.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Cider, Cold-Hardy, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking
Cider classification: sweet
Storage duration: one to three months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: cream

Fruit Origins

Parentage: Golden Delicious x Jonathan
Origin: Geneva, New York
Introduced in: 1968
Introduced by: Cornell University

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 8
Chill hours: 800
Ripening date: Sep 29 (approximate, in New York State) + 14 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: G.11 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Dwarf (25% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 8'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Apple Scab: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Susceptible
Fireblight: Susceptible
Perennial Canker: Susceptible
Cedar-Apple Rust: Resistant
Apple Blister Spot: Susceptible
Alternaria Leaf Blotch: Resistant

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 4
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? N
Ploidy: Triploid
Rootstock size class: Dwarf (25% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Jonagold Apple on G.11. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

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Crimson® Topaz CV. Apple on G.11 2023 137
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Sansa Apple on G.11 2023 75
King David Apple on G.11 2023 69

See all pollination matches for Jonagold Apple on G.11






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