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Calville Blanc Apple on G.210 (Spring 2022)


The distinctively ribbed culinary apple from France. Also known as Calville Blanc d'Hiver, White Winter Calville, Rambour a Cotes Gros, Blanche de Zurich.

Calville is a slow and shy bearer with some susceptibility to scab, fireblight, and powdery mildew, but its late bloom time does protect it from frost damage. The tree is vigorous and tends to a vase-like structure with weepy branches. In cooler regions it should be planted on a site where it will receive full sun in order to properly ripen the fruit. Fruit of the best quality will not be obtained until the tree has cropped several times.

Calville Blanc is first recorded as Blanche de Zurich in 1598, and it is reported to have been grown in the garden at Versailles in the early 1600s. It is still considered the culinary apple par excellence in France, where its biting acidity and firmness are valued especially in baking tarte aux pommes. The medium-sized, squat fruit has a very distinctive appearance: its prominent lobes produce a shape that is more like a bell pepper, and the reddish dimpling on its skin give it a tendency to appear blemished even when it is not. The skin color varies according to conditions, from green to ivory, often with an orange blush, and the snow-white flesh is dense, and crisp. The apples have a tendency to drop before they are fully ripe, and uneven ripening necessitates multiple pickings.

Calville has the highest known vitamin C content of any apple. When it is first harvested, the acidity is too high to be palatable to most, but after at least a month of storage, the flavor mellows and spiced pear and pineapple notes develop. During storage the skin will also become yellow. Calville is valued for adding acid and a rich aroma to cider blends, and a few cider makers even make single-variety ciders from this apple.

The unique shape of Calville Blanc apples makes them easy to spot in Monet's Still Life with Apples and Grapes. Calville Blanc was also among the apple trees grown at Monticello by Thomas Jefferson.

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Calville is a slow and shy bearer with some susceptibility to scab, fireblight, and powdery mildew, but its late bloom time does protect it from frost damage. The tree is vigorous and tends to a vase-like structure with weepy branches. In cooler regions it should be planted on a site where it will receive full sun in order to properly ripen the fruit. Fruit of the best quality will not be obtained until the tree has cropped several times.

Calville Blanc is first recorded as Blanche de Zurich in 1598, and it is reported to have been grown in the garden at Versailles in the early 1600s. It is still considered the culinary apple par excellence in France, where its biting acidity and firmness are valued especially in baking tarte aux pommes. The medium-sized, squat fruit has a very distinctive appearance: its prominent lobes produce a shape that is more like a bell pepper, and the reddish dimpling on its skin give it a tendency to appear blemished even when it is not. The skin color varies according to conditions, from green to ivory, often with an orange blush, and the snow-white flesh is dense, and crisp. The apples have a tendency to drop before they are fully ripe, and uneven ripening necessitates multiple pickings.

Calville has the highest known vitamin C content of any apple. When it is first harvested, the acidity is too high to be palatable to most, but after at least a month of storage, the flavor mellows and spiced pear and pineapple notes develop. During storage the skin will also become yellow. Calville is valued for adding acid and a rich aroma to cider blends, and a few cider makers even make single-variety ciders from this apple.

The unique shape of Calville Blanc apples makes them easy to spot in Monet's Still Life with Apples and Grapes. Calville Blanc was also among the apple trees grown at Monticello by Thomas Jefferson.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Cider, Cold-Hardy, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking
Cider classification: sharp
Storage duration: three plus months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: green
Flesh color: white

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: France or Germany
Introduced in: 1600
Introduced by:

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 4 - 8
Chill hours: 1000
Ripening date: Oct 27 (approximate, in New York State) + 42 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: G.210 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Dwarf (40% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 12'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Apple Scab: Susceptible
Fireblight: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 4
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Dwarf (40% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Calville Blanc Apple on G.210. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Galarina™ X-4982 CV. Apple on G.969 2022 438
Liberty Apple on G.969 2022 270
Pixie Crunch® Apple on G.935 2022 221
Pixie Crunch® Apple on G.210 2022 172
Winecrisp™ Apple on G.202 2022 147
Winecrisp™ Apple on G.210 2022 137
Pink Lady® Cripps Pink CV. Apple on G.935 2022 95
Sansa Apple on G.210 2022 66
Stoke Red Apple on G.969 2022 53
Enterprise Apple on G.969 2022 50
Enterprise Apple on G.202 2022 50

See all pollination matches for Calville Blanc Apple on G.210






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