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Jonathan Apple on MM.111 (Spring 2023)


A self-fertile dessert apple, very popular in the Midwest. Also known as New Spitzenburg, Philip Rick, Ulster Seedling.

A naturally small tree, Jonathan is roundish or spreading in form and somewhat droopy. It is self-fertile but, as ever, better crops will be had in the presence of a pollenizer. Jonathan is susceptible to all major apple diseases, but only moderately, and it is not considered a remarkably difficult tree to cultivate. It is considered to be resistant to brown rot. Jonathan should be thinned carefully to avoid biennialism.

The apple is medium sized, round, and red flushed over a greenish yellow background. There is usually a small amount of russeting around the stem. The flesh is firm, snappy, and juicy, and the flavor is refreshing, full, and balanced. In Apples of Uncommon Character, Rowan Jacobsen describes Jonathan as "the essence of the American apple ... spicy, uncomplicated, sweet-tart." This is a lovely tree to plant for children.

It is widely agreed that Jonathan is a seedling of Esopus Spitzenberg. It first grew on the farm of Philip Rick in Ulster County, NY in the 1790s, but it was not until a Mr. Jonathan Hasbrouck introduced the apple to his friend Judge Jesse Buel in 1826 that the tree received any real attention. Judge Buel happened to be president of the Albany Horticultural Society, and he both named the apple after his friend and began disseminating scion wood. Jonathan has been widely used in breeding programs; its illustrious offspring include Idared, Melrose, Jonagold, Jonafree, Jonamac, and Akane.

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A naturally small tree, Jonathan is roundish or spreading in form and somewhat droopy. It is self-fertile but, as ever, better crops will be had in the presence of a pollenizer. Jonathan is susceptible to all major apple diseases, but only moderately, and it is not considered a remarkably difficult tree to cultivate. It is considered to be resistant to brown rot. Jonathan should be thinned carefully to avoid biennialism.

The apple is medium sized, round, and red flushed over a greenish yellow background. There is usually a small amount of russeting around the stem. The flesh is firm, snappy, and juicy, and the flavor is refreshing, full, and balanced. In Apples of Uncommon Character, Rowan Jacobsen describes Jonathan as "the essence of the American apple ... spicy, uncomplicated, sweet-tart." This is a lovely tree to plant for children.

It is widely agreed that Jonathan is a seedling of Esopus Spitzenberg. It first grew on the farm of Philip Rick in Ulster County, NY in the 1790s, but it was not until a Mr. Jonathan Hasbrouck introduced the apple to his friend Judge Jesse Buel in 1826 that the tree received any real attention. Judge Buel happened to be president of the Albany Horticultural Society, and he both named the apple after his friend and began disseminating scion wood. Jonathan has been widely used in breeding programs; its illustrious offspring include Idared, Melrose, Jonagold, Jonafree, Jonamac, and Akane.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Hot-Climate

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, baking
Storage duration: less than one month (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: off-white

Fruit Origins

Parentage:
Origin: New York
Introduced in: 1862
Introduced by: Judge Jesse Buel

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 8
Chill hours: 800
Ripening date: Sep 15 (approximate, in New York State) + 0 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: MM.111 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Apple Scab: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Very Susceptible
Cedar-Apple Rust: Susceptible
Fireblight: Very Susceptible
Perennial Canker: Susceptible
Brown Rot, Blossom Blight, Fruit Rot: Resistant
Alternaria Leaf Blotch: Resistant

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 3
Is it self-fertile? Y
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (85% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Jonathan Apple on MM.111. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
CrimsonCrisp™ Apple on B.118 2023 165
Winecrisp™ Apple on B.118 2023 85
Pixie Crunch® Apple on B.118 2023 65
Galarina™ X-4982 CV. Apple on B.118 2023 51
Honeycrisp Apple on B.118 2023 31
Tremlett's Bitter Apple on B.118 2023 23
Muscadet De Dieppe Apple on MM.111 2023 18
Medaille D'Or Apple on B.118 2023 17
Sundance™ Apple on B.118 2023 17
Enterprise Apple on MM.111 2023 16
Binet Rouge Apple on B.118 2023 15

See all pollination matches for Jonathan Apple on MM.111






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