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Spitzenburg Esopus Apple on B.118 (Spring 2022)


An American dessert apple for connoisseurs. Also known as Spitz, Spitzenberg, Spitzenburgh.

This open, spreading tree is not easy to grow; it is susceptible to scab, mildew, canker, and fireblight, and it tends to biennialism without careful pruning.

The fruit of this problem child is, however, well worth the trouble; in Apples of New York, Beach calls Spitzenburg "the standard of excellence for apples of the Baldwin class," and it consistently wins the highest ratings from apple tasters. The mid-sized apple is a beautiful bright red that is speckled with yellow lenticels and its crisp, snappy flesh is yellow. Its flavor, an outstanding combination of sky-high sugars and acids, develops fully after about a month in storage. The complex, floral balance is described by Jacobson in Apples of Uncommon Character as "burnt orange, or Contreau, and (after some mellowing) lychee and roses." A favorite of cider makers, Spitzenburg is also an excellent culinary apple. It will keep well in storage through to spring.

Spitzenburg was a favorite apple of Thomas Jefferson, and he attempted to devote a significant portion of his Monticello orchard to it. It has been known since around 1790 and is a parent of Jonathan.

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This open, spreading tree is not easy to grow; it is susceptible to scab, mildew, canker, and fireblight, and it tends to biennialism without careful pruning.

The fruit of this problem child is, however, well worth the trouble; in Apples of New York, Beach calls Spitzenburg "the standard of excellence for apples of the Baldwin class," and it consistently wins the highest ratings from apple tasters. The mid-sized apple is a beautiful bright red that is speckled with yellow lenticels and its crisp, snappy flesh is yellow. Its flavor, an outstanding combination of sky-high sugars and acids, develops fully after about a month in storage. The complex, floral balance is described by Jacobson in Apples of Uncommon Character as "burnt orange, or Contreau, and (after some mellowing) lychee and roses." A favorite of cider makers, Spitzenburg is also an excellent culinary apple. It will keep well in storage through to spring.

Spitzenburg was a favorite apple of Thomas Jefferson, and he attempted to devote a significant portion of his Monticello orchard to it. It has been known since around 1790 and is a parent of Jonathan.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Cider, Cold-Hardy

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking, storage, canning
Cider classification: sweet
Storage duration: three plus months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: Esopus, New York
Introduced in: 1790
Introduced by:

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 4 - 7
Chill hours: 800
Ripening date: Oct 27 (approximate, in New York State) + 42 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: B.118 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (90% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 24'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Perennial Canker: Susceptible
Apple Scab: Susceptible
Fireblight: Susceptible
Powdery Mildew: Susceptible
Cedar-Apple Rust: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 4
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Semi-Standard (90% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Spitzenburg Esopus Apple on B.118. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Pixie Crunch® Apple on B.118 2022 11
Harrison Apple on MM.111 2022 6
Tremlett's Bitter Apple on B.118 2022 6
Major Apple on B.118 2022 5
Northern Spy Apple on B.118 2022 3
Stoke Red Apple on B.118 2022 2
Marialena Apple on B.118 2022 1
Grimes Golden Apple on MM.111 2022 0
Muscadet De Dieppe Apple on MM.111 2022 0
GoldRush Apple on B.118 2022 0
Kidd's Orange Red Apple on B.118 2022 0

See all pollination matches for Spitzenburg Esopus Apple on B.118






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