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Montmorency Cherry on Mahaleb (Spring 2023)

You are viewing a tree that will ship in Spring 2023. You can also find trees for Spring 2022.

America's favorite tart cherry.

Montmorency is a vigorous, productive, and largely problem-free tree. It is cold hardy to zone 4 and self-fertile (although productivity will be improved by the presence of another tart cherry variety). It is susceptible to leaf spot and bacterial canker but resistant to European brown rot. It should be well pruned to prevent overcropping. Montmorency ripens in early July in upstate NY, after the majority of sweet cherries.

Thought to originate in Montmorency, France, this cherry probably dates to the 17th century but the full details of its parentage are unknown. It is grown commercially in France and Canada, and it is the most widely cultivated tart cherry in America. The fruit is an Amarelle cherry (a tart cherry with bright red skin and pale flesh), and it is used for baking, drying, wine, and juice.

The health benefits of Montmorency have recently received much attention; the juice contains large amounts of polyphenols and anthocyanins, compounds that have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. Among other benefits, these compounds can relieve the rheumatological symptoms associated with osteoarthritis. Montmorency (and, in fact, all cherries) also contain melatonin, a hormone that contributes to sleep regulation.

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Montmorency is a vigorous, productive, and largely problem-free tree. It is cold hardy to zone 4 and self-fertile (although productivity will be improved by the presence of another tart cherry variety). It is susceptible to leaf spot and bacterial canker but resistant to European brown rot. It should be well pruned to prevent overcropping. Montmorency ripens in early July in upstate NY, after the majority of sweet cherries.

Thought to originate in Montmorency, France, this cherry probably dates to the 17th century but the full details of its parentage are unknown. It is grown commercially in France and Canada, and it is the most widely cultivated tart cherry in America. The fruit is an Amarelle cherry (a tart cherry with bright red skin and pale flesh), and it is used for baking, drying, wine, and juice.

The health benefits of Montmorency have recently received much attention; the juice contains large amounts of polyphenols and anthocyanins, compounds that have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. Among other benefits, these compounds can relieve the rheumatological symptoms associated with osteoarthritis. Montmorency (and, in fact, all cherries) also contain melatonin, a hormone that contributes to sleep regulation.


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Cherry
Subcategory: Tart/Pie, Self-Fertile, Cold-Hardy

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: jam, baking, canning, freezing, jelly, sauce
Storage duration: less than one month (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: unknown
Origin: France
Introduced in: 1600s
Introduced by:

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 4 - 8
Chill hours: 500
Ripening date: Jul 05 (approximate, in New York State) +0 days after Montmorency

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: Mahaleb Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Half-Standard (60% of Standard)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 18'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Cherry Leaf Spot : Susceptible
Brown Rot, Blossom Blight, Fruit Rot: Resistant
Bacterial Canker of Stone Fruit: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group:
Is it self-fertile? Y
Is it fertile?
Ploidy: Diploid
Rootstock size class: Half-Standard (60% of Standard)

Pollination Partners

Sweet cherries are not part of our search tool given various complexities. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.






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