Skip to main content

Baldwin Apple on P.18 (Spring 2021)


A beloved American heirloom dessert apple that is great for storage, baking, and juice. Also known as Woodpecker, Pecker, Butters.

The New England Farmer in 1885 wrote: “What the Concord is among grapes, what the Bartlett has been among pears, the Baldwin is among apples." This tree is cold hardy, long lived, and usually a productive and vigorous tree, but it can tend towards biennial or even triennial production. Heavy thinning and regular pruning will keep it annual. It is slow to bear and susceptible to apple scab and "Baldwin Spot" (bitter pit), but resistant to cedar-apple rust. It ripens in October in upstate New York and will keep till February. Baldwin is a triploid and it should not be used as a pollenizer; two other diploid varieties will be needed for full pollination.

The apple is smaller than McIntosh, medium sized, but dense and heavy, with yellow skin that is flushed and striped brick-red and bronze. It is very hard and thick skinned, making it a good apple for shipping. The flesh is crisp, juicy, with a sweet to sub-acid flavor, aromatic, and firm. It's a great pie apple and has been used by cider makers for over 200 years. The fruit contains 13.6% sugar, which ferments to 6% alcohol. Steve Selin at South Hill Cider here in Ithaca, NY praises the acid mouthfeel and the citrus and melon notes; he makes a single-variety cider from Baldwin.

Baldwin is also known as Woodpecker, Pecker and Butters. It was first discovered as a chance seedling on the farm of Mr. John Ball in Wilmington, Massachusetts, USA, 1740. The next owner of the property, William Butters, called the tree "Woodpecker" because it attracted so many of those birds, but others called it simply "Butters." It wasn't until the late 18th century that it received its modern name, when the famous engineer Loammi Baldwin recognized the apple's potential and promoted it.

This Loammi Baldwin was also second cousin of Johnny Appleseed, and apple geeks will recognize the tragic poetry of the familial relation: John Chapman (AKA Johnny Apppleseed), progenitor of seedling orchard plantations in the young United States, was second cousin of the man who marketed the exact variety that led to the replacement of so many of these seedling plantings. Baldwin was the most popular all-purpose dessert apple in the United States until a harsh winter in 1934-1935 killed off millions of apple trees in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Vermont. McIntosh stepped into the breach. The original tree died in the mid 1800s, but the site where it grew is now marked by a monument to the Baldwin apple.

 

Order Your Trees

Select a shipping year

Select a grade

$39.75

Sold Out
Quantity
Best Pricing

Log in to your account to access the best pricing based on your past purchases; also see wholesale information

Tree Grading

Grade is a measure of tree size at time of sale, with Grade 0 being the biggest; see pricing & grading

Custom Trees

For large orders to be delivered in future years, or for trees from your cuttings, you can order custom trees

Need Help?

Contact us


The New England Farmer in 1885 wrote: “What the Concord is among grapes, what the Bartlett has been among pears, the Baldwin is among apples." This tree is cold hardy, long lived, and usually a productive and vigorous tree, but it can tend towards biennial or even triennial production. Heavy thinning and regular pruning will keep it annual. It is slow to bear and susceptible to apple scab and "Baldwin Spot" (bitter pit), but resistant to cedar-apple rust. It ripens in October in upstate New York and will keep till February. Baldwin is a triploid and it should not be used as a pollenizer; two other diploid varieties will be needed for full pollination.

The apple is smaller than McIntosh, medium sized, but dense and heavy, with yellow skin that is flushed and striped brick-red and bronze. It is very hard and thick skinned, making it a good apple for shipping. The flesh is crisp, juicy, with a sweet to sub-acid flavor, aromatic, and firm. It's a great pie apple and has been used by cider makers for over 200 years. The fruit contains 13.6% sugar, which ferments to 6% alcohol. Steve Selin at South Hill Cider here in Ithaca, NY praises the acid mouthfeel and the citrus and melon notes; he makes a single-variety cider from Baldwin.

Baldwin is also known as Woodpecker, Pecker and Butters. It was first discovered as a chance seedling on the farm of Mr. John Ball in Wilmington, Massachusetts, USA, 1740. The next owner of the property, William Butters, called the tree "Woodpecker" because it attracted so many of those birds, but others called it simply "Butters." It wasn't until the late 18th century that it received its modern name, when the famous engineer Loammi Baldwin recognized the apple's potential and promoted it.

This Loammi Baldwin was also second cousin of Johnny Appleseed, and apple geeks will recognize the tragic poetry of the familial relation: John Chapman (AKA Johnny Apppleseed), progenitor of seedling orchard plantations in the young United States, was second cousin of the man who marketed the exact variety that led to the replacement of so many of these seedling plantings. Baldwin was the most popular all-purpose dessert apple in the United States until a harsh winter in 1934-1935 killed off millions of apple trees in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Vermont. McIntosh stepped into the breach. The original tree died in the mid 1800s, but the site where it grew is now marked by a monument to the Baldwin apple.

 


The Fruit

Fruit Type

Category: Apple
Subcategory: Heirloom, Cider

Fruit Uses & Storage

Uses: fresh eating, cider, baking, storage, jelly, sauce
Cider classification: sweet
Storage duration: three plus months (approximate, depending on storage conditions)

Fruit Appearance

Skin color: red
Flesh color: yellow

Fruit Origins

Parentage: chance seedling
Origin: Wilmington, Massachusetts
Introduced in: 1740
Introduced by: Loammi Baldwin

The Environment

Calendar & Geography

USDA zones: 5 - 7
Chill hours: 0
Ripening date: Oct 20 (approximate, in New York State) + 35 days after McIntosh

Tree Height & Spacing

Rootstock: P.18 Rootstock
Rootstock size class: Standard (100% Size)
Tree spacing (natural spread of tree): 35'
Good for wildlife planting? N

Diseases & Pests

Bitter Pit: Very Susceptible
Fireblight: Susceptible
Cedar-Apple Rust: Very Resistant
Powdery Mildew: Very Susceptible
Apple Scab: Susceptible

Pollination

Pollination Factors

Bloom group: 4
Is it self-fertile? N
Is it fertile? Y
Ploidy: Triploid
Rootstock size class: Standard (100% Size)

Pollination Partners

This table shows the first few results from a full search for pollenizers of Baldwin Apple on P.18. Please see our Pollenizer Search to run other queries and read how the application uses various factors. Also read more about fruit tree pollination.

Tree Ships Currently in Stock
Frostbite™ Apple on P.18 2021 0
Black Oxford Apple on P.18 2021 0
Antonovka (Common) Apple on P.18 2021 0
Chisel Jersey Apple on P.18 2021 0
Yarlington Mill Apple on P.18 2021 0
Bramtot Apple on P.18 2021 0
Calville Blanc Apple on P.18 2021 0
Harry Masters Jersey Apple on P.18 2021 0
Karmijn De Sonneville Apple on P.18 2021 0
Muscadet De Dieppe Apple on P.18 2021 0
St. Edmund's Russet Apple on P.18 2021 0

See all pollination matches for Baldwin Apple on P.18






Featured Products

A few things we're loving right now...

Backyard Fruit Trees

Looking for easy-to-grow trees for your home orchard? Choose from these apple, peach, pear, plum, and cherry varieties that...

Galarina™ X-4982 CV. Apple on G.11

A disease-resistant offspring of Gala that shows improved storage flavor.

Flemish Beauty Pear on Quince-A

A hardy pear with exceptionally good flavor.

Historic American Fruit Trees

These apples and pears were grown in North America during the Colonial Era and through the time of the American...