AKANE Jonathan hybrid from Japan. Earliest of the really good eating apples, ripening in mid-August in Geneva. Bright cherry-red, medium size fruit. Ripening fruit hangs well. Tolerant of (BUT NOT IMMUNE TO) apple scab in most years. Moderately resistant to blight and to C.A.R.
ARKANSAS BLACK A fine old variety, one of the best winter-keepers. Found in Benton County, Arkansas about 1870. Bright, crisp yellow flesh; dark red skin. Great flavor. Tough skin, giving it some resistance to codling moth. Resistant to cedar apple rust. Triploid; pollen not viable.
BRAEBURN Outstanding quality in this New Zealand introduction -- but late-maturing. High quality; good keeper. Very precocious and productive; somewhat lazy tree. Early midseason bloom. Rather low chilling requirement. Quite susceptible to fire blight.
CHIEFTAIN Fruits are medium in size, round, and bright red. Flesh firm, juicy, white. Flavor subacid, milder than Jonathan but more sprightly than Delicious. Dual purpose, high quality. Keeps well.
ENTERPRISE Fruit round, medium large, glossy full red color. Flesh is yellow-cream, firm, crisp, somewhat similar to Idared. Storage ability 4-6 months with a slight increase in flavor intensity. Skin may be too tough to eat without peeling. Tree is spreading and vigorous. Immune to scab, resistant to fire blight and cedar apple rust, moderately resistant to mildew.
FUJI This could be the most important variety for the Carolinas and Virginia. This Nagano strain finishes to a brilliant red. See under "Main Crop".
GRANIWINKLE Always considered a first-class cider apple, Graniwinkle is also a wonderful fresh eating apple with a rich, sweet flavor. The apple originated in New Jersey in the early 1800's and was named for the grower who first cultivated it. Fruit is medium-sized with greenish-yellow skin flushed red with mixed dark red stripes and splashes. A vigorous upright tree that produces abundant crops.
GRANNY SMITH The green apple--the apple that made Australia famous!! Truly good quality if allowed to ripen (unlike those wooden Grannies you find in the supermarket). When fully ripened on the tree (about 3 weeks after Delicious), the side exposed to sun will take on a faint pink blush -- the "champagne Granny". An excellent processor, now being planted rather heavily in the Mid-Atlantic states.
GRAVENSTEIN Large, round to slightly flattened orangish yellow fruit with red stripes. Thin skin. Crisp, juicy, fine grained, yellowish white flesh. Known for fine flavor. Unexcelled for cooking. Makes wonderful pies, desserts, sauces, and cider. With proper storage, keeps until November.
HAWAII Large yellow fruit with exotic flavor. Low chilling.
HARDY CUMBERLAND The climate of the Mid-South is more challenging than generally recognized. Hardy Cumberland is tolerant of both climate and the diseases endemic in the great region from the Southern Appalachians across the Cumberland Plateau. Dark red, firm, good storage.
MOLLIE'S DELICIOUS (Golden Delicious X Gravenstein) x (Edgewood X Clo). Harvest: late August; Season: August - October. A very good to excellent early apple ripening. Fruits are large to very large, conical in shape with a pinkish red color. Has an exceptionally pleasing aftertaste. This quality can be maintained in refrigerated storage for at least 10 weeks. Slow to bear and a tendency toward biennial bearing. Growth habit is moderately vigorous and spreading. One of the easiest to train.
ORLEANS REINETTE Medium to small, yellow-green with light netlike russeting, reddish on the sun side. Flesh is creamy white, firm and fine-textured and very juicy with a taste first of sweet oranges followed by a nutty flavor. Tree of moderate vigour, very hardy, good cropper. Best in a warm location.
PINK LADY Oblong, green fruit turns yellow at maturity and is overlaid with pink or light red. Fine-grained, white flesh. Thin skin bruises easily. Fruit will store for six to eight months in common storage. Tree is very vigorous with large distinctive leaves.
SUMMER RAMBO Attractive, large, brightly striped, red fruit. Breaking, crisp, exceptionally juicy flesh. Subacid, aromatic flavor. Tree Characteristics: vigorous tree bears heavily and early. Some disease resistance.
SUNCRISP The fruit color is golden with an reddish-orange blush. This dual-purpose apple matures approximately one week after Golden Delicious, has a sweet, mildly subacid taste, and typically stores up to six months. The tree has medium vigor with an upright growth habit. Thinning decreases the tendency toward biennial bearing. Site selection is critical as this variety is prone to russet.
SUNDANCE Medium to coarse grained, cream colored, very firm, very crisp and breaking flesh; moderately to sprightly sub-acid, mellowing in refrigerated storage; spicy, full, rich flavor; juicy. Very good quality. Retains flesh texture and quality for five months or more in refrigerated storage. Fruit hangs on the tree until over ripe. Moderate to heavy cropping. Winter, storage apple.
SUNDOWNER Late season Australian apple.
WILLIAMS PRIDE Fruit is medium in size slightly conic in shape with a rich aromatic flavor. Apples are 70-80% red with excellent eating quality. Field immune to apple scab; field immune to cedar-apple rust; high level of resistance to fire blight; good level of resistance to powdery mildew.