BROOKFIELD GALA Beautiful striped coloring -- red on dark red.
BUCKEYE GALA Early deep red coloring with prominent striping; sport of Imperial Gala with same high quality as parent.
CORTLAND The first important introduction from Geneva, it's an attractive red-striped apple with a white flesh, juicy and slow to brown. From the Ben Davis x McIntosh cross. The fruit is medium-large, excellent for both fresh eating and processing. You can count on Cortlands to bear every year. Early bearing. Winter-hardy to -40F. Grower-friendly tree. Tolerant to fire blight. Susceptible to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
EMPIRE Widespread consumer and grower acceptance of this high quality dessert apple made Empire one of the most heavily planted newer varieties. It is firmer and darker colored than McIntosh, has a longer storage life, and flavor is much superior. The tree has an excellent growth habit and is an annual producer. Fruit thinning is recommended to attain optimal size. Kids love them! Resistant to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
FORTUNE Officially named in 1995, Fortune is already gaining premium supermarket shelf space. It is a cross between Northern Spy and Empire, two excellent apples. Fortune is a dual purpose apple. The fruit is very large and red. The flavor is unique--best qualities of both its parents. Large NY growers are planting Fortune in a big way so its popularity should catch on. First appeared on the supermarket shelves in quantity this year. If you haven't planted a test block, now is the time. Fire blight susceptible.
FUJI This Japanese introduction has really taken the world apple market by storm and it's getting more important every year. Fuji is the base for a whole new apple industry in California; very heavily planted now in Washington State. We've been surprised by its success here in the Finger Lakes district of Western New York. Our PYO customers have gone berserk for Fujis. Our Fujis coming out of normal refrigerated storage in June have had fantastic quality. From the Ralls Janet x Delicious family, introduced in Japan in 1962. Midseason bloom. Moderately low chilling.
GALARINA Gala x Florina cross. Fruit resembles Gala, small to medium in size, red to orange red, with some yellow background. Flavor is crisp and sweet and will store up to four months in regular cold storage. The apple will hang up to four weeks after expected harvest with very little stem cracking. Tree is vigorous, hardier than Gala and the growth habit upright-spreading. Galarina shows high tolerance to apple scab, mildew and fire blight. Ripens in late September or early October, between Golden Delicious & Empire.
GOLDEN DELICIOUS (Gibson Strain) A smooth-skinned sport of the original Golden, much less prone to russet. One of the finest quality apples ever found. Fairly tolerant to fire blight. Susceptible to cedar apple rust.
GOLDRUSH Fruit is conic-round, medium large, a deep uniform greenish yellow. Flesh is hard, very crisp and breaking, flavor intense and memorable. Both sugar and acid levels are high (soluble solids seldom below 17%), the balance slightly favoring tartness at harvest, then mellowing in storage. Length of storage almost without parallel, in excess of six months, good texture out of a household refrigerator as late as July or August. Field immune to scab, susceptible to cedar-apple rust, moderately resistant to fire blight. Ripens late October through mid November, but extremely high sugar levels help protect from freezing. Will survive temperatures down to 22 degrees. (Ed Fackler, fruit consultant in Indiana: Its one of the easiest things to grow in my life. The tree sets a heavy crop but is easy to thin to achieve good-sized fruit. The tree is naturally small. This is just a moron-proof apple, he said.)
GRANNY SMITH Fine old Australian apple, found in Granny Smith's dooryard in southern Australia nearly 150 years ago. When ripened properly, Granny Smith has an outstanding sweet/tart flavor -- very different from the immature green specimens found in the supermarket. Granny is at her best when a good pink blush has come up on the exposed side "Champagne Grannies", they've been called. Somewhat compact tree. Relatively low chilling requirement.
HONEYCRISP An exciting new variety from the University of Minnesota. Exceptionally crisp and juicy texture. The fruit is 50-90% red on a lemon-yellow ground. It bears regularly on a moderately vigorous tree. Very winter hardy. Bred specifically for the cold weather of the North Country.. Can pick in September but best to ripen into October; 3-week harvest window.
IDARED A real winter-keeper. From the Jonathan X Wagener cross, Idared's flavor is very close to Jonathan. A semi-compact tree that is easy to train and prune. Early bearing, very productive. Fruit is medium large, finishing to a bright red striping over pink undercolor. Fire blight susceptible. Susceptible to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
JONAGOLD We offer the original Jonagold, virus-free. Although there are many red sports of this very high quality apple, I think the original is still unsurpassed for flavor and quality. It's a large attractive apple with red/orange blush over a yellow background. Trees are vigorous, productive and spreading. Jonagold is a triploid and pollen-sterile, so it needs to be pollinated with other mid-season bloomers. Fire blight susceptible. Susceptible to C.A.R. and fire blight. Scab-susceptible.
JONAMAC A very popular apple for roadside sales and pick-your-own farms. This variety draws good attributes from both its McIntosh and Jonathan parents. Matures about a week before McIntosh, but firmer, better color, much less drop, and much better flavor. Grower-friendly tree. Tolerant of fire blight. Resistant to Cedar Apple Rust (C.A.R.) A Geneva introduction.
JONATHAN This is the apple that was the centerpiece of the Cummins family's orchards back in Southern Illinois; Dad was practically weaned on Jonathan. Discovered in the early 1800s in Ulster county, NY. Subject to a superficial skin disorder, "Jonathan Spot". We propagate an outstanding red strain of Jonathan that retains the full flavor of the original -- sweet and snappy, crisp and aromatic. Susceptible to fire blight and C.A.R.
MACOUN Superb eating. Very precocious and productive; tends to get into biennial bearing. Heavy thinning is usually needed. Winter hardy. From the Cornell-Geneva breeding program: McIntosh x Jerseyblack.
McINTOSH An extremely compact sport of Summerland Red McIntosh. Internodes only about 1/2 inch. Typical Mac flavor. Wijcik on MM.106 or MM.111 makes a true dwarf tree - - comparable to Worcester Mac/M.9. Tolerant to fire blight. Very resistant to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
MUTSU The Mutsu last year were absolutely beautiful, truly works of art. Cold October nights brought out the color-yellow with a red orange blush. The large apples hang on strong, vigorous trees. It stores well, makes a nice cider on its own and is great for pies. Even die-hard McIntosh lovers have been converted. Fire blight susceptible. Susceptible to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
NORTHERN SPY This is still my favorite apple -- I guess I'm just old-fashioned, but who cares? The saying, "if it ain't broke, don't fix it" seems to fit Northern Spy. Tree isn't grower-friendly, but limb-spreading makes all the difference. Littletree Orchards didn't have a crop last year and there was nearly a riot. Fire blight susceptible. Susceptible to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
PINK LADY Oblong, green fruit turns yellow at maturity and is overlaid with pink or light red. Fine-grained, white flesh. Thin skin bruises easily. Fruit will store for six to eight months in common storage. Tree Characteristics: Tree is very vigorous with large distinctive leaves.
RED YORK Standard processing apple in the Shenandoah Valley. Very firm, long keeping. Golden yellow flesh. Assymetrical. Fire blight susceptible.
RISING SUN FUJI This early-maturing sport ripens about a month before regular Fuji. Beautiful pinkish-red blush.
ROYAL EMPIRE Identical to Empire except for much earlier coloring, 'way back inside the tree. Resistant to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
RUBINSTAR JONAGOLD If you are marketing your Jonagold on a wholesale basis you need to have a double-red Jonagold. This is one of the best sports on the market. It carries a hefty royalty ($1.00), but this is money well spent. Good flavor and excellent color. Same friendly growth-habit as the original Jonagold. Fire blight susceptible. Susceptible to C.A.R. Scab-susceptible.
SANSA In 1969, Japanese breeder Yoshio Yoshida set pollen of Akane to breeder Don McKenzie in New Zealand. McKenzie pollinated Gala, then unavailable in Japan; seed was sent back to Yoshida the following summer. From this seedling population, Yoshida introduced Sansa. This is an unusually fine quality of early dessert apple -- not surprising, considering pedigree. Akane's parents, Jonathan x Worcester Peamain; Gala's parents, Kidd's Orange Red x Golden Delicious; Kidd's Orange = Delicious x Cox's Orange Pippin. Sansa ripens about 10 days before Gala. Beautiful all-over red, creamy yellow flesh; crisp and juicy. Appears to have good polygenic resistance to scab (coming from Akane).
SENSHU A medium to large, bright red apple that ripens 4 to 7 days after Gala. A Toko X Fuji hybrid from Japan. The flavor and texture are close to Fuji but 5 weeks earlier. Sweet and sprightly with a creamy white flesh and crackling crisp texture. Still not widely tested, Senshu could be a major fall variety for New York, New England and Michigan. It already looks like a winner in Wisconsin.
SEPTEMBER WONDER FUJI Good size and color. Matures a month or more before regular Fuji.
SHIZUKA Twin sister to Mutsu, ripening about a week earlier. Flavor slightly less strong than Mutsu. Slightly less susceptible to Pseudamonas disease.
SPARTAN (Sometimes marketed as "Spartamac) A McIntosh seedling bred at the Summerland, BC station and introduced in 1936. Much higher quality than McIntosh. Harvest just before Delicious. Not nearly as prone to preharvest drop as McIntosh, but picking window is limited. Productive, but must be thinned early to get commercial size. Resistant to cedar apple rust. Scab-susceptible.
SPIGOLD A triploid Golden Delicious x Northern Spy hybrid introduced by the Geneva station. A huge apple with magnificent flavor -- a gorgeous combinatin of its parents. Looks a lot like a giant Northern Spy. Earlier bearing than Spy, much more productive, somewhat less prone to bitter pit. Very vigorous; requires limb-spreading for best results. .
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