ALKMENE A Cox's Orange Pippin cross. Red-orange fruit with a delightful sharp tang. Early ripening about the same time as Sansa, well before Redfree. Annual bearing. Fairly compact. Considerable scab tolerance.
ANTONOVKA 1-1/2 POUND Very large green cooking apple from Russia. Hardy to -40. Polygenic resistance to apple scab. Susceptible to fire blight.
ANTONOVKA KAMENICHKA Russian eating apple. Usually 2-1/2 inch diameter; yellow; rough finish. Tart. Polygenic scab immunity. Tolerant to fire blight. Very winter hardy.
CHEHALIS Large crisp, sweet yellow apple. Ripens with Mac. Very productive. Considerable scab tolerance.
CRIMSON CRISP New introduction from the Purdue-Rutgers-Illinois coop breeding program; tested as Co-op 39. Very crisp and juicy. Rich flavor; pleasant sugar-acid balance, on the sweeter side. Excellent red skin color. Good storage. CAR moderate on fruit, heavy on foliage. Susceptible to fire blight.
DAYTON This apple was released for commercial orchards in scab-prone areas because of its high dessert quality and consistent bearing habits. Moderately resistant to fire blight; susceptible to C.A.R. Tested as Co-op 21. Ripens with Prima, 3 weeks before red Delicious. It's an attractive glossy red fruit with mild flavor. Annual cropper. Grower-friendly tree.
ENTERPRISE. Introduced from the PRI breeding program. Tested as CO-OP 30. Fruit is medium to large. Skin is a glossy, very bright red on deep yellow ground. Flesh is cream, medium-fine texture, crisp. Tree is medium to vigorous, spreading, annual cropping. Late bloom. Harvest is two weeks after Delicious. High quality storage apple. After 6 months in common storage, it still retains an excellent texture with a full, slightly spicy flavor. Worthy of commercial planting. Scab-immune; resistant to fire blight and C.A.R.
EGREMONT RUSSET Prized as the most delicious of the English russets. Small, round, golden brown russet fruit often with black spots or markings. Greenish-yellow, richly flavored, very distinctive flesh, often described as nutty. Almost smoky, tannic quality develops after keeping and flesh becomes drier. Size medium, shape round, very high quality. Like all russets, it is a good keeper. Trees have moderate vigor, upright, crop is good and scab resistant. Hardy to -40 degrees.
FREEDOM Large juicy fruits are 50-80% red striped over yellow. The trees are vigorous, spreading and very productive. Blooms early midseason with Jonamac. Ripens with Delicious. Average storage life is 3 months. Very good cooking apple because of its tart flavor. Immune to scab; moderately resistant to blight and C.A.R.
FUJI, NAGANO RED Tall, rectangular, medium size fruit. Yellowish green skin with an orangish red flush and darker stripes. Darker blush on sun side. Crisp, juicy slightly subacid white flesh with outstanding texture. May require up to 200 days to mature. Good keeper. Tree Characteristics: Vigorous, productive, somewhat bushy tree. Needs annual detailed pruning.
GALARINA New from France. Fruit similar to Gala, medium-small, red orange skin, crisp yellow flesh. Excellent storage.
GENEVA CRAB Typically a 2-1/2 inch fruit; very dark red with rose-red flesh and pink juice. Tart; slightly astringent. Resistant to almost all races of scab fungus.
GOLDRUSH from the PRI breeding program, a Golden Delicious hybrid. A very high quality, yellow winter apple. It has a pleasant tart flavor at harvest that develops into a very rich, well-balanced flavor after a few weeks in storage. Outstanding storage life. It is a moderately vigorous semi-spur tree. Easily tripped into biennial bearing; very early thinning in first years of fruiting is helpful. Bloom mid-season. Scab-immune (Vf gene); moderately susceptible to cedar apple rust.
JONAFREE Jonathan-type, but not as high a flavor. Intermediate tolerance to fire blight, powdery mildew and crown rot.
MURRAY Medium-large fruit ripening about 2 weeks before Liberty, a week before McIntosh; dark red; attractive. Very juicy; good sugar/acid balance; good eating apple, but not for cooking. Productive. Immune to scab; resistant to C.A.R.
NOVAEASYGRO A Spartan daughter from the Nova Scotia breeding program. Eating quality improves with storage. Similar to Cortland. Very sweet; and moderately juicy. Scab-immune; resistant to C.A.R. and to powdery mildew; blight-susceptible.
NOVASPY Also from the Nova Scotia breeding program, NovaEasyGro x (Northern Spy x Golden Delicious). Novaspy is the first DRC to have a touch of Northern Spy flavor. First fruiting at Geneva looks great. Ripens 4 or 5 days after Delicious, just before Northern Spy. Midseason bloom. Excellent storage. Moderately productive. Susceptible to cedar apple rust.
NY 35 (BONKERS) A Liberty x Delicious cross with the same resistances as Liberty. Very large dark red fruit maturing after Delicious. Many fruit develop parthenocarpically. Some irregularly shaped fruit. Not as precocious as Liberty or Empire.
NY 414-1 Liberty x "MacSpur" McIntosh. A scab-resistant apple from Cornell/Geneva breeding program. A good scab-resistant variety at best, NY 75414-1 has been widely tested and gained a following in some circles, however, you either like it or you hate it. Rumor has it that Cornell/Geneva is currently considering naming this one.
PIXIE CRUNCH Small, full-red apple that ripens around the first week of September. Pixie Crunch is immune to apple scab, fairly resistant to fire blight, but suscepible to cedar apple rust. It is crisp and juicy, and flavor is excellent. Exceptionally crisp, breaking flesh texture and excellent quality suggests this apple has use for home gardens and local fruit stands despite its commercial drawbacks.
PRIMA First introduction from the PRI program; originally tested as Co-op 2. Dark red blush over yellow-green. Good Jonathan-type flavor. Ripens a week before McIntosh, 3 weeks before Delicious. Moderately resistant to fire blight. Resistant to cedar apple rust but susceptible to quince rust.
PRIMAVERA Another scab-immune introduction from the Quebec program.
PRISCILLA A Delicious hybrid from the PRI program, ripening 10 to 15 days before Delicious. Originally tested as Co-op 4. Short conic fruit; bright red finish; medium large. Rich flavor with distinctive licorice tang; on the sweet side. Annually productive. Quite resistant to fire blight and cedar apple rust.
PRISTINE From the Purdue-Rutgers-Illinois breeding program (PRI). Resistant to scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar apple rust. Maturity date is quite early -- late July, just after Lodi; requires multiple pickings. It is a smooth, glossy golden-skinned apple with a slightly spicy flavor. Very good shelf life for a summer apple. Very early bearing.
REDFREE Has 90%, full red Jonathan-type color. Ripens with Paulared, about 6 weeks before Delicious, but much better flavor. The flesh is firm with a flavor that has been compared to Empire. Aggressive thinning is required to get good size and to avoid biennial production. In addition to resistance to scab, cedar apple rust, fireblight, and mildew, it appears to be somewhat resistant to red mites.
RICHELIEU A new introduction from the Agriculture Canada breeding program in Quebec. Fruit is medium-large. Ripens 3 to 5 days before MacIntosh. Susceptible to rusts; tolerant to fire blight and powdery mildew. Winter hardy.
SCARLETT O'HARA from the PRI breeding program. Tested as Coop 25. Late ripening. Brilliant red skin. Mild flavor. Excellent keeper.
SIR PRIZE Very large, high quality yellow apple from the PRI breeding program-- a triploid with 2 genomes from its Golden Delicious seed parent. Very attractive light yellow, glossy skin. Crisp but quite tender; easily bruised. Rich flavor with good sugar/acid balance. Grower-friendly, vigorous tree; annual production. Moderately susceptible to fire blight and cedar apple rust.
SPLENDOUR Also known as: Starksplendor. Origin: Developed in New Zealand. Discovered in 1948 and introduced in 1967. Harvest: September. Description: Medium to large fruit. Dull pinkish red skin with occasional russet. Firm crisp yellow flesh. Mild but distinctive sweet flavor. Lacks tartness but has crisp texture. Exceptionally long storage life. Tree Characteristics: Growth habit is spreading. Almost immune to fire blight. By far the most blight-resistant variety yet tested at Geneva.
SUNCRISP This Golden Delicious x Cox Orange Pippen selection from the New Jersey Apple Breeding Program is rated very highly by taste panels. The fruit color is golden with an reddish-orange blush. This dual-purpose apple matures approximately one week after Golden Delicious, has a sweet, mildly subacid taste, and typically stores up to six months. The tree has medium vigor with an upright growth habit. Thinning decreases the tendency toward biennial bearing.
SUNDANCE Fully disease resistant cross of Golden Delicious and 1050 NJ 1, through which it counts Winter Banana, McIntosh and Rome as ancestors. Medium to coarse grained, cream colored, very firm, very crisp and breaking flesh; moderately to sprightly sub-acid, mellowing in refrigerated storage; spicy, full, rich flavor; juicy. Very good quality. Retains flesh texture and quality for five months or more in refrigerated storage. Fruit hangs on the tree until over ripe. Moderate to heavy cropping. Winter, storage apple.
WILLIAMS' PRIDE Perhaps the best flavored of the older disease-resistant apples. Another PRI introduction. Long harvest requires 2 or 3 pickings. Attractive fruit with an 80% dark red stripe on a green-yellow background. Resistant to scab, fire blight, powdery mildew, and cedar apple rust. Short shelf life.
WINECRISP Ripens mid October, two weeks after Delicious. Medium to coarse grained, cream colored, firm, very crisp and breaking flesh; relatively thin, palatable skin; mildly sub-acid; spicy, full, rich flavor; juicy. Retains flesh texture and quality for six months or more in refrigerated storage. Early tests show fruit quality was still very good after eight months in refrigerated storage. Some tendency to drop when ripe. Winter, storage apple with uniform ripening, moderate to heavy cropping, and single harvest. Biennial tendency after heavy cropping. Flavor peaks after one month in refrigerated storage. Disease resistance: Field immune to apple scab; moderately resistant to powdery mildew; moderately susceptible to cedar-apple rust, good resistance to fire blight; susceptible to Botryosphaeria rots in storage. Parentage includes Cox Orange Pippin, Newtown Pippin, Jonathan & Red Rome.
WOLF RIVER Old variety with multiple resistances. Very large. Excellent baker, fair for sauce; not for eating out-of-hand. Hardy to -40.